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Environmental Planning

Analysis & Planning

South Bay Connect is in the environmental phase, which means that the proposed new service route and station alternatives are being analyzed for potential environmental impacts as required by the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA).


On May 29, 2024, Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority (CCJPA) released the draft Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for a 45-day public review and comment period that ended on July 15, 2024. The draft EIR describes the proposed Project and evaluates the potential environmental impacts associated with both the Project and the "no project" alternative. To view the draft EIR visit the Resources page. To view the recordings from the two virtual public meetings and the CCJPA Board Meeting held during the comment period, visit the Engagement page. The Project team is currently preparing responses to comments, which will be documented and addressed in the final EIR, anticipated to be completed by late 2024.

Environmental Resource Areas

The environmental analysis is reviewing a wide range of resource areas to identify potential impacts and mitigation measures which will be considered for approval in order for the project to move forward. The CEQA lead agency is the CCJPA.

Resource areas include:

  • Aesthetics
  • Agriculture forestry
  • Air quality
  • Biological
  • Cultural
  • Energy
  • Geology/soils
  • Greenhouse gas emissions

  • Hazards & hazardous materials
  • Hydrology/water quality
  • Land use/planning
  • Minerals
  • Noise
  • Population/housing

  • Public services
  • Recreation
  • Transportation
  • Tribal culture
  • Utilities/service systems
  • Wildfire

California Environmental Quality Act Process

Explore the steps of the CEQA Process below and expand each section to learn more. A star icon () indicates the steps of the process that are currently underway. Please note: While the interested public will be engaged throughout the CEQA process, the yellow highlighted steps represent the formal Public Comment Periods.

1Notice of Preparation (NOP) of Environmental Impact Report (EIR)

  • Advertisement placed within local/regional newspapers to alert public of Environmental Process kick-off and initiation of development of the environmental document.
  • Mailer sent to project contact list promoting NOP/Scoping Period and Public Comment opportunities.

2Scoping and 45-Day Public Comment Period – Public Scoping Meeting

  • An early step in the EIR allowing interested public to provide input into the project and environmental scope.
  • Scoping includes a formal public comment period to provide opportunity for submission of comments for agency review.
  • Public Scoping meeting held to share information and seek input.

3Administrative Draft EIR Development

  • Prepared and reviewed by all partner agencies for refinements before circulating to the Public.

4Draft EIR Development

  • Draft environmental document that highlights the results of the analysis of alternatives, environmental impacts, and identification of mitigation measures.

5State Clearinghouse Submittal

  • Public agency distributes Notice of Completion of the draft EIR for state agency review.

6Draft EIR 45-Day Circulation for Public/Agency Review & Comment – Public Meetings

  • A Notice of Availability (NOA) of draft EIR is placed within local/regional newspapers.
  • Mailer sent to project contact list promoting NOA/Public Comment Period.
  • Environmental document is circulated electronically through website, housed at key community repositories, and distributed to partner agencies for review and submission of comments within a formal public comment period.
  • Public Meeting held to share draft EIR and seek formal input through a number of mediums including but not limited to: letters, emails, website submission, comment cards, and court reporter transcripts.

7Preparation of Response to Comments

  • Public agency evaluates and prepares written responses with detailed explanation of response.

8Final EIR

  • Preparation and certification of the final EIR.
  • All comments received during the draft EIR Public Comment Period are included and addressed within the final EIR.

9Agency Decisions/Findings, Statement of Overriding Considerations, Mitigation Monitoring – Public Hearing

  • Provides formal notification in local/regional newspapers of final EIR availability and review.
  • Public hearing held to allow Lead Agency to hear Public Testimony and take action on final EIR.

Coordination Efforts

Key activities during environmental planning include close coordination with regulatory agencies including, but not limited to the organizations shown here.

Local and regional community stakeholders, as well as the general public, also play key roles in the environmental planning process through ongoing participation and providing timely input. This valuable engagement helps define the best alternative to meet diverse regional needs.